Fiscal matters continued to loom large during and subsequent to the war for independence.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U.
The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, a total of 49 percent.
Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal.
Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal.
InRobert E. Western successes led to Ulysses S. Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T. Sherman and his march to the sea.
The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era. Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars".
The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars.
Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War IWorld War II and subsequent conflicts.
It remains the deadliest war in American history. From toit is estimated thattosoldiers died,  along with an undetermined number of civilians. Bradford wrote that the issue has been further complicated by historical revisionistswho have tried to offer a variety of reasons for the war.
The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession if the Republican candidate, Lincolnwon the election. After Lincoln won, many Southern leaders felt that disunion was their only option, fearing that the loss of representation would hamper their ability to promote pro-slavery acts and policies.ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT following War of I.
Sectional Specialization A. Industrialization of the Northeast 1) Factory system expanded quickly after Embargo Act and. Claim: Canadians burned down the White House during the War of False.
The War of brought the United States onto the world's stage in a conflict that ranged throughout the American Northeast, Midwest, and Southeast, into Canada, and onto the high seas and Great Lakes.
By the time war was declared in , Federalist opposition to Republican foreign policy was nothing new. But once the war began, that opposition took new forms. In the Federalist stronghold of Massachusetts, resistance was greatest. The American Revolutionary War (–), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America..
After , growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between . The War of The Political Change The political change was that after the war, in James Monroe passed the Monroe Doctrine. It states that no European country can colonize on any North and South continent country.