Demographics[ edit ] Yazidi leaders and Chaldean clergymen meeting in Mesopotamia19th century Historically, the Yazidis lived primarily in communities located in present-day Iraq, Turkey and Syria and also had significant numbers in Armenia, Georgia and Iran. However, events since the end of the 20th century have resulted in considerable demographic shift in these areas as well as mass emigration. They are particularly concentrated in northern Iraq in the Nineveh Province. In the early s most of the settled population of the Western Desert were Yazidi.
Recent historical interpretations of her life have moved away from this view and show Cleopatra as a strong and savvy political leader.
Whether Cleopatra seduced Caesar and Antony simply to guarantee her throne or she truly had affection for them both may never be known. Her initial motivation may have been self-preservation but these relationships likely became real marriages in her mind, creating alliances that would change the political landscape of the time.
The historians that have written about Cleopatra agree that even though she is one of the most famous women in history there are actually limited details available about her life.
The early Twentieth Century writer, Philip W. In his work, Cleopatra of Egypt: In his work, Cleopatra: He mentions her skill as an orator and that she likely published some of her own works since Hellenistic royalty were expected to be writers and scholars.
This is quite a different view of Cleopatra than the one proposed by early Western historians. While Western historians exclusively used accounts of Cleopatra written by Roman writers such as Plutarch and Cassius Dio, Medieval Arabic historians were said to work from translated Egyptian sources, which showed Cleopatra as a strong and able queen.
Many misconceptions surround the life of Cleopatra, the last Ptolemaic queen of Egypt. Most of the information that has survived the two millennium since her death was written by Roman historians as propaganda, citing her influence on the Roman leaders Julius Caesar and Mark Antony as a great threat to Rome’s future. National Geographic stories take you on a journey that’s always enlightening, often surprising, and unfailingly fascinating. Ancient History and Archaeology. Welcome to Gobekli Tepe - 12, years old Built by hunter-gatherers before metal tools and farming!. This page is one small part of Good Sites for Kids!
Last Queen of Egypt by Egyptologist Dr. Joyce Tyldesley, she states that Ptolemaic women were responsible for participating in state affairs and would have been taught the basics of reading, writing, and arithmetic plus studies on Greek and Egyptian laws, history, and traditions.
A Sourcebook by Prudence Jones. Plutarch is famous for the more romanticized tale of Cleopatra being smuggled into the palace at Alexandria in a bed roll bundle or linen sack, while Dio simply writes that Cleopatra arrived at the palace in secret.
In her work Cleopatra the Great: The Woman Behind the Legend, Dr. Fletcher states that it is unlikely an Egyptian queen, who was also considered a living goddess, would allow herself to be physically handled and placed in a linen sack.
Caesar is described as a delighted father by Weigall which clearly implies that he accepted Caesarion as his son. According to Joyce Tyldesley, Caesar began using monarchical trappings, such as sitting on a golden throne and placing royal diadems on his statues.
There is some evidence Cleopatra first met Antony long before their famous meeting at Tarsus where their alliance first began. A Sourcebook there is actually a report by the Greek writer Appian from his work entitled Civil War that states when Mark Antony was a young cavalry commander stationed in Alexandria, he met Cleopatra when she was just a young girl and instantly fell in love with her.
Even though Appian is the only source of this information later historians still include it in their works. Since Appian is the only source of this story it is impossible to verify the accuracy of his account, but many historians likely include it because the meeting certainly could have happened and is an interesting foreshadowing of events to come.
Not only was it the beginning of their personal and political alliance, there are also some famous stories about the splendor of the event associated with it. The fact that Antony was planning a campaign in Parthia, an old enemy of Rome, and he was in desperate need of funds was a lucky break for Cleopatra.
Even Weigall admits that Antony was anxious to ally himself with Cleopatra for these purposes. It is obvious both Antony and Cleopatra benefited from a political alliance but what of a person one? Sergeant says when Antony followed Cleopatra to Alexandria several months after their meeting at Tarsus he did not hesitate to leave his affairs of state to spend the winter with her.
During his time in Alexandria, Weigall says, Antony experienced luxurious living with Cleopatra. Roller says Antony likely considered the visit to Alexandria a vacation which implies he did not follow Cleopatra to Egypt out of love.
Tyldesley agrees and points out that even though Cleopatra bore him twins after he left Alexandria, he made no attempt to see them or her for three years.
She says this long time apart implies that not only had Antony considered the visit simply a vacation from his normal life, but that Cleopatra may have also been satisfied that their affair had created two additional heirs to her throne.
These points seem to show that even though their relationship was based on attraction and mutual political need, neither party was likely lovesick for the other. Weigall once again offers the romantic notion that Cleopatra was sad and depressed during their time apart.Blogrolls, & Ilana Mercer Jan Lamprecht in Africa had some years' experience of Ilana Mercer, a typical Jew propagandist.
He hasn't yet provided a concise account of all that happened. (It's amusing to note Mercer has one online photo in white makeover style. Apr 29, · Human beings are always doing incredible, ground-breaking things. In our constantly evolving clamor of historic firsts, it’s all too easy to lose track of our achievements.
While most of us know the really big stuff, like the first man on the Moon or the first person to reach the South Pole. Göbekli Tepe dates back at least 12, years, which would, by most religious chronologies, make it far too old be associated with Abraham, who is usually placed around BCE.
Mysterious symbols carved onto stone pillars at Gobekli Tepe in southern Turkey reveal that a comet may have triggered the ice age that brought about human agriculture. Archaeoacoustics is the use of acoustical study as a methodological approach within archaeology. This may for example involve the study of the acoustics of archaeological sites, or the study of the acoustics of archaeological artifacts.
The Gospel of Matthew tells us that Jesus Christ was born in the final years of the tyrant known as Herod the Great. He tells us that when Jesus was born, Herod panicked and had all the baby boys in Bethlehem killed. Fortunately, the Jesus' family escaped to Egypt and remained there until Herod was.