Prison overcrowding alternative sentencing pros and cons

It has come to symbolize the leniency of the criminal justice system; or, in other words, the "soft on crime" approach. This option is typically viewed as letting inmates out of prison early or not sufficiently punishing them for their crimes. A disadvantage to the community corrections model, therefore, is the lack of political support necessary to receive funding or be implemented as intended.

Prison overcrowding alternative sentencing pros and cons

It has come to symbolize the leniency of the criminal justice system; or, in other words, the "soft on crime" approach. This option is typically viewed as letting inmates out of prison early or not sufficiently punishing them for their crimes.

A disadvantage to the community corrections model, therefore, is the lack of political support necessary to receive funding or be implemented as intended. The "soft on crime" perception is contrary to 30 years of criminal justice research that concludes there is a punitive impact on offenders under community supervision.

The program review committee concludes the crime debate should not focus on whether a strategy is "tough" or "soft," but rather on the effectiveness and efficiency of a policy for reducing crime and recidivism.

Prison overcrowding alternative sentencing pros and cons

Under any crime policy, whether it is aggressive or lenient, serious violent offenders will most likely go to prison, even if the correctional system is at or over capacity. Having extra prison space, therefore, makes more difference in the sentencing of the non-violent and less serious offender who might be a better candidate for an alternative sentencing option; typically referred to as "net widening.

As previously stated, the criminal justice system makes more conservative decisions and narrows its discretionary authority. As the system expands and more beds come on-line, the court may send certain offenders to prison rather then order alternative sanctions or treatment simply because prison beds are available.

A consequence of increasing prison beds and an aggressive "tough on crime" policy is a disproportionate share of prison resources are invested on non-violent, low level offenders. Figure V-1 breaks down the inmate population in terms of their primary offenses, which is the most serious crime for which an offender is convicted and sentenced.

Only 12 percent of the inmate population was convicted of a violent crime 1. In fact, violation of probation offenses represent the largest percentage 27 percent of inmate admissions. Policymakers and criminal justice administrators have not yet recognized the importance of community supervision in terms of public safety and reducing crime and recidivism.

Current public polling data on crime, however, indicate the public is more pragmatic about punishment options and less ideological than the current "tough on crime" political debate reflects 2.

The public appears willing to accept that punitive approaches i. The program review committee, therefore, finds the General Assembly must redefine and reinvest in a comprehensive community corrections strategy to manage inmate population growth and reduce crime and recidivism.

The recommended model is based on a range or continuum of punishment options that provide graduated levels of supervision and harshness. Mandating this sentencing structure enables policy-makers and criminal justice administrators to maintain expensive prison cells to incapacitate violent and repeat criminals.

At the same time, less restrictive, community-based treatment programs and restitution-focused sentences punish nonviolent and low level offenders, while holding them accountable for their actions and increasing their chances for rehabilitation.

Ultimately, this model offers a comprehensive public safety strategy.

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Public safety is best served by a comprehensive system that provides incarceration for the most serious offender and supervision of offenders who are not incarcerated and inmates as they transition from prison back to their communities.

Rehabilitative and treatment services must be provided within an institutional setting and in the community or risks to public safety will not be minimized. The program review committee found the majority 78 percent of convicted offenders are not sent to prison, but are supervised in the community.

In addition, 69 percent of convicted offenders sent to prison are under a sentence of three years or less, with half serving a year or less.

Inattention to the behavior -- criminal and non-criminal -- of offenders in the community misses the opportunity to intervene in a positive manner and all but promises recidivism and eventual imprisonment.

Failing to provide, develop, and adequately fund a community corrections model invariably places the public at risk. An advantage of the community corrections strategy is its comprehensive approach to ensuring public safety by distributing resources and attention to all offenders rather than focusing on the small percentage who are incarcerated.

The community corrections model can offer a long-term strategy to reducing crime and recidivism by providing a range of graduated sanctions, including prison for the most serious offender. Resources are equally distributed based on punishment requirements, offender rehabilitative and treatment needs, victim restitution, and caseload.

The prison expansion model is a short-term crime strategy. Resources are focused on the small percentage of offenders in the most intensive and expensive punishment option -- prison. Under this model, a reduced share of resources and attention are typically given to the vast majority of offenders in the community where they pose the highest risk to public safety.

Management of total offender population. A disadvantage of the prison expansion model its focus on offenders coming into prison and "toughening" punishment by lengthening the period of time spent incarcerated, especially for serious and violent offenders.

It fails to consider the cumulative impact of thousands of criminals who may also be serious and violent that eventually return to or remain in their communities.

Almost every offender sent to prison eventually returns to their community -- usually within less than three years.

As previously discussed, most sentenced offenders 78 percent are supervised on a daily basis in the community on probation, parole, or a DOC early release program such as transitional supervision or re-entry furlough.

In addition, each year, aboutaccused offenders are released on bond by the court to await adjudication of their crimes. Figure V-2 shows only 22 percent of the sentenced offender population in was in prison Obviously, Connecticut requires a comprehensive criminal justice strategy that focuses on the needs and risks posed by the total offender population in prison or the community.

Until the criminal activity of the three quarters of offenders who reside and are supervised in the community is curbed, any real reductions in crime or the prison population will be difficult to achieve.Criminal Justice: The Pros and Cons of our Prison System It has been a growing public concern that the criminal justice system was not succeeding in its job of securing civil .

Pros and Cons of Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing

initiativeblog.com» Alternative sentencing: Alternatives to jail or prison for an individual convicted of the California domestic violence crime of stalking his or her illness and mitigating or extenuating circumstances will all factor into a judge’s decision when he or she weighs the pros and cons of imposing an alternative to jail or.

Reconsidering Mandatory Minimum Sentences: The Arguments for and Against Potential Reforms she received a sentence of 10 years in prison even though the sentencing judge felt that this. Sep 09,  · Sentencing Pros and Cons According the Sate fo Connecticut General Assemble website, (), “The issue of mandatory sentencing generates strong reactions for .

Prison Overcrowding Alternative Sentencing Pros And Cons. Prison Overcrowding Nicole Neal American Intercontinental University Abstract This research paper is to explore the impact of prison initiativeblog.com United States has a, what seems to be everlasting, prison overcrowding problem.

Not only does the United States have this dilemma, but also many other countries have overcrowded .

In this section Alternatives to jail or prison for an individual convicted of the California domestic violence crime of stalking his or her intimate partner Alternative sentencing:
NY Daily News - We are currently unavailable in your region Referenced for its constant work in progress at all levels of authority and the numerous problems it is facing, this system try its best to provide just punishments to those who break the law. As it holds itself to such a mandate, approaches and directives are taken to reduce the number of people who commit crimes.
This blog contains papers written by the author on various topics related to psychology. Monday, September 9, Prison Term Policy Recommendation Introduction The proposed bill introduces a measure to double the maximum incarceration term for individuals convicted of armed robbery.

The alternatives to imprisonment are types of punishment or treatment other than time in prison that can be given to a person who is convicted of committing a crime. Some of these are also known as alternative initiativeblog.comatives can take the form of fines, restorative justice, transformative justice or no punishment at all.

Capital punishment and corporal punishment are also alternatives.

Psychological Studies: Prison Term Policy Recommendation