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Dream frames were frequently used in medieval allegory to justify the narrative; The Book of the Duchess  and The Vision Concerning Piers Plowman  are two such dream visions.
The Cheshire Cat vanishes in Wonderland. They have also featured in fantasy and speculative fiction since the 19th century. Unlike many dream worlds, Carroll's logic is like that of actual dreams, with transitions and flexible causality.
Other fictional dream worlds include the Dreamlands of H. Dreamworlds, shared hallucinations and other alternate realities feature in a number of works by Phillip K. Peter Weir's Australian film "The Last Wave" makes a simple and straightforward postulate about the premonitory nature of dreams from one of his Aboriginal characters that " Such stories play to audiences' experiences with their own dreams, which feel as real to them.
Freud called dreams the "royal road to the unconscious. He argued that important unconscious desires often relate to early childhood memories and experiences. Freud's theory describes dreams as having both manifest and latent content.
Latent content relates to deep unconscious wishes or fantasies while manifest content is superficial and meaningless. Manifest content often masks or obscures latent content.
Freud's early work argued that the vast majority of latent dream content is sexual in nature, but he later shied away from this categorical position. In Beyond the Pleasure Principle he considered how trauma or aggression could influence dream content.
He also discussed supernatural origins in Dreams and Occultism, a lecture published in New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis  [ edit ] Jungian and other views of dreams Carl Jung was a student of Freud who later rejected many of Freud's theories.
Jung expanded on Freud's idea that dream content relates to the dreamer's unconscious desires. He described dreams as messages to the dreamer and argued that dreamers should pay attention for their own good. He came to believe that dreams present the dreamer with revelations that can uncover and help to resolve emotional or religious problems and fears.
He believed that many of the symbols or images from these dreams return with each dream. Jung believed that memories formed throughout the day also play a role in dreaming.
These memories leave impressions for the unconscious to deal with when the ego is at rest. The unconscious mind re-enacts these glimpses of the past in the form of a dream. Jung called this a day residue. Dreams are seen as projections of parts of the self that have been ignored, rejected, or suppressed.
Perls expanded this point of view to say that even inanimate objects in the dream may represent aspects of the dreamer. The dreamer may, therefore, be asked to imagine being an object in the dream and to describe it, in order to bring into awareness the characteristics of the object that correspond with the dreamer's personality.
Rapid eye movement sleep EEG showing brainwaves during REM sleep Accumulated observation has shown that dreams are strongly associated with rapid eye movement sleep, during which an electroencephalogram EEG shows brain activity that, among sleep states, is most like wakefulness.
Participant-remembered dreams during NREM sleep are normally more mundane in comparison. During REM sleep, the release of the neurotransmitters norepinephrineserotonin and histamine is completely suppressed.
There is no " time dilation " effect; a five-minute dream takes roughly five minutes of real time to play out. REM sleep episodes and the dreams that accompany them lengthen progressively across the night, with the first episode being shortest, of approximately 10—12 minutes duration, and the second and third episodes increasing to 15—20 minutes.
Dreams at the end of the night may last as long as 15 minutes, although these may be experienced as several distinct stories due to momentary arousals interrupting sleep as the night ends.
This increase in the ability to recall appears related to intensification across the night in the vividness of dream imagery, colors, and emotions. All mammals experience REM. The range of REM can be seen across species: There have also been signs of dreaming in certain birds and reptiles.Read this essay on Martin Luther King Jr.
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A modest, secular form of. Dec 25, · Martin Luther and England’s King Henry VIII lived at the same time, yet lived very different lives and had very different goals. In many ways, their lives show some interesting parallels.
Martin Luther was born in Eisleben, Germany on November 10, Rhetorical Analysis of Martin Luther King's I Have A Dream Speech Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King’s speech was made after the March on Washington on August 28, He delivered the “I Have a dream” speech on the Lincoln Memorial steps.
He verbalized this .